Wednesday, August 17, 2011

The Hilhouse Family of Bristol

 A PAIR OF PAINTINGS By Thomas Hudson 

Mr. James Hilhouse is wearing a grey coat and breeches holding a letter in his left hand. Mrs. James Hilhouse is standing three-quarter length, wearing a yellow silk dress and holding a hat in her right hand. both oil on canvas each: 50 by 40 in. 127 by 101.6 cm. James Hilhouse, Son of James Hilhouse and Rebecca Lennox, was sheriff of Bristol in 1756. He built Cornwallis House, Clifton. He was the grandson of Abraham Hilhouse of Free Hall, Londonderry. He married Miss Martin and lived in Clifton House until his death in 1758.  Date of Painting is 'before 1758'

Auction Title: Mercer House, Savannah - The Collection of the Late James A. Williams
(this painting was auctioned in the year 2000)
PROVENANCE: J. de Courcy Hamilton, by descent Mrs. Seymour Obermer Mrs. George Sawyer Mrs. I. de Giorgio (Sale: Sotheby's, London, November 18th, 1970, lot 16).

Notes ~

James Hillhouse was building ships in the Bristol docks from the early part of the eighteen century. Ships were needed to export English goods mainly textiles, run slaves to the West Indies and bring back sugar and tobacco. James even invested in some slavers himself. He became a very wealthy man leaving his son George the equivalent of over a million pounds when he died in 1754. The company at different times ran both the Albion and the Limekin docks which are located on opposite sides of the river close to where the SS Great Britain now lies. With the advent of the Floating Harbour in 1806 trade greatly increased. George continued to run the company after his father's for a time with his partner Charles Hill.

A new study of James Martin Hilhouse, the foremost ship builder during Bristol's 'Golden Age', provides a fascinating insight into the life and achievements of this multi-talented man and his famous warships.

Suppliers to the trade (Slavery trade in Bristol)

Thomas Hudson    Painter

Clifton is a neighborhood in the city of Bristol -
Clifton is one of the oldest and most affluent areas of the city, much of it having been built with profits from tobacco and the slave trade. Situated to the west of Bristol city centre, it was at one time a separate settlement but became attached to Bristol by continuous development during the Georgian era and was formally incorporated into the city in the 1830s. Grand houses that required many servants were built in the area. Although some were detached or semi-detached properties, the bulk were built as terraces, many with three or more floors. One famous terrace is the majestic Royal York Crescent, visible from the Avon Gorge below and looking across the Bristol docks. Berkeley Square which was built around 1790 is an example of Georgian architecture. Secluded squares include the triangular Canynge Square. (from Wikipedia)

The Mercer House Museum  Savannah Georgia

THE MERCER HOUSE - Home to famed antique dealer Jim Williams, the central character of the book and movie "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil." Jim shot and killed his lover, Danny Hansford, in the house and was tried four times for the same charge of murder. Jim bought the house for $46,000 in 1969, restored it and ran his antique business from the house. Jim's sister inherited the house and its contents once he, then his mother, died. The sister put the house on the market for $10 million in 1998, then took it off after the highest bid of $4 million was rebuffed. She now lives in the house located on Monterey Square.

 Comment ~

Wondering if these portraits were hanging on the wall of the study in the Mercer House the night of Danny's murder ? Perhaps they are the only ones who know the true story of "Midnight in the Garden of Good & Evil" ;) 

Forward - I've been informed these painting hung in the dining room (so William's secret seems safe).  Seems Williams enjoyed filling Mercer House with local luminaries and the Hilhouse's were tied in with a famous local family: the Lawtons (Spencer Lawton later served as prosecuting attorney against him in his murder case).  

Find out more about Alexander & Sarah Lawton and their burial plot in Bonaventure Cemetery in my next blog.

Many thanks to Hillhouse descendant, Joseph Moore of Georgia for the lead to this story.


Sunday, August 14, 2011

Hillhouse & Dickey Plantations of York, South Carolina

William Hillhouse (William of the Province of South Carolina) and brothers Samuel & Charles are by far the most illusive of the six children of John & Rachel Hillhouse of Free Hall estate in the county of Londonderry, Northern Ireland. The names are noted along side Abraham, James and John in a travel journal of William Hillhouse's (New Haven 1757-1833) visit to Ireland in 1789. Further information was noted about Abraham, the eldest who inherited Free Hall; Rev James, who seated the New England Branch in Connecticut in 1720; sister Rachel who married into the McCausland family still residing at Drenagh Estate in Northern Ireland. John, the fourth son was said to have descendants in England (the Bristol Branch).

Brother William Hillhouse is noted as the third son who "settled in the West Indies" and there our William's trail ends until 1755. The Hillhouse's of Londonderry were trade merchants whose prominence afforded social mobility and merchant networking. It would have been quite possible for William and his younger brothers to explore life in the rich Sugar plantations of the West Indies before sailing up the coast of North America to Pennsylvania sometime between 1730 and 1740. However the proof is, as of this date, lost to the ages.

It is in the historically rich counties of Chester and York, South Carolina that William Hillhouse and his son's Captain John, Captain William and James Hillhouse leave their mark. I spent a truly enlightening afternoon with the McCelvey Center's Mike Scoggins. He was kind enough to show me the location of William Jr's Plantation where Lord Cornwallis camped in 1781. It is believed that the buildings would have stood on the hilltop just above the Catawba River on Route 322 south of York. The historical marker for Lacey's Fort is just across the road. The old plantation land is now a tree farm where the buildings have long disappeared. click to complete story at

John Dickey Cabin - 1771

John Dickey was the father of Mary "Polly" Dickey who married
William Hillhouse Sr's son James, my 5th great grandfather.

Hillhouse Family of Lawrence County Arkansas

Just came across this Google Book .. has lots of information on the decendants of Eli and Mary Dean Hillhouse who arrive in Arkansas around 1812

Lawrence County Arkansas - Google Books